Nitrate Removal from Water with a High Efficiency (HE) LINX Drinking Water System

Understanding the Risk of Nitrates and Nitrites in Your Drinking Water

Leaf and WaterThere has been a great deal of discussion recently about the danger of nitrates (NO3) and nitrites (NO2) in our drinking water supply, and a push to reduce the levels in the water we consume. But many consumers have no concept of what a nitrate or nitrite is and where they come from.

What are Nitrates / Nitrites and why are they dangerous?

Both nitrates and nitrites are nitrogen-oxygen chemical units which combine with various organic and inorganic compounds. They occur in nature, in our food, and in our water supply. Nitrates are used primarily to make fertilizer, explosives and glass while nitrites are used as a preservative in foods. Our bodies need them to some extent, as they prevent the growth of bacteria, but excessive consumption can lead to some very serious complications. Leaf and WaterOne of the greatest concerns of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is exposure in children. Ingesting nitrates / nitrates can lead to “blue baby syndrome” which is named for the blue coloration of the skin of babies who have high nitrate concentrations in their blood. The nitrates bind to hemoglobin (the compound which carries oxygen in blood to tissues in the body), and results in chemically-altered hemoglobin (methemoglobin) that impairs oxygen delivery to tissues, resulting in the blue color of the skin. Blue baby syndrome can cause brain damage, coma or even death and is seen most often in infants exposed to nitrates from drinking water used to make formula. In adults, this inability to carry oxygen through the blood can cause dizziness, headaches, irritability and blue tones to the skin. In pregnant women exposed to high levels of nitrates and nitrites, problems can include intrauterine growth retardation, cardiac defects, and nervous system defects. There has also been some question and concern by the EPA as to whether exposure to higher levels of nitrates or nitrites is associated with increased incidence of cancer in adults and the possible increased incidence of brain tumors, leukemia, and nasopharyngeal (nose and throat) tumors in children.  

How to Reduce the Amount of Nitrates / Nitrites Consumed

It is readily apparent that limiting the level of nitrates / nitrites we consume is vital. The main sources for nitrate contamination is runoff from fertilized lawns and cropland, wastewater treatment plants, failing on-site septic systems, runoff from animal manure storage areas, and industrial discharges that contain corrosion inhibitors. Pionetics has a solution to this growing problem with our HE LINX 160 Drinking Water System. This water system has proven to reduce the levels of nitrates and nitrites by over 99%, taking them down to non-detect levels in drinking water. In fact, the LINX 160 is the first device certified to reduce nitrate and nitrite contamination to NON-DETECT levels in certification testing. These reduction levels are far superior to traditional reverse osmosis (RO) filtration systems and, in addition, the LINX technology also uses significantly less water (up to 90% less) than a reverse osmosis system. This distinction has earned Pionetics Corporation the Water Quality Association (WQA), Gold Seal for Nitrate / Nitrite Reduction.

Certified to Reduce Nitrates / Nitrites in the State of California

In addition, the LINX 160 has been certified and approved for nitrate reduction in California, to view the certificate click here. To learn more about how this technology works, check out our video.

This map shows U.S. nitrate contamination risk.

Map courtesy of USGS

Will an RO System remove nitrates?

Many reverse osmosis systems will remove nitrates, but we caution you to know the facts. First, you should know the level of Nitrate contamination in your tap water. Second, you should know the “safe” levels determined by the Environmental Protection Agency. Finally, you need to research various water filtration systems’ ability to remove Nitrates. Then, you need to do the math for yourself. It is entirely possible that if you have high levels of nitrate contamination, an RO system could remove as much as it is able, and your water would still be over the safe level! This PDF shows the nitrate removal capabilities of many national brand RO systems.